This South Indian mridangam bass goatskin head is lace tuned and its playing surface is 7.5 inches. There is a braid attached all around the edge that is made out of rawhide. Including the braid, the head measures 9 inches in diameter.
The mridangam is the principal percussion instrument in South Indian classical Carnatic music. It functions as a solo instrument, as well as an accompaniment for vocals and ensembles. When played, the drum is held horizontally, and played with the fingers and palms of the hands.