Scratch & Dent Wind
Harmoniums are mainly used as an accompaniment to devotional songs. As with many Indian instruments, the key for the music is selected to best suit the vocals or to set a mood. Although it was invented in France nearly 200 years ago, the harmonium has been extremely popular and strongly embraced by India after it was brought there during the British Occupation.
Accessories Included: Soft case heavily padded
Item Dimensions: OPEN: 24" (L) X 11.75" (H) X 14.5" (W); CLOSED: 24" (L) X 8.25" (H) X 14.5" (W)
Bellows: 6 folds that open on the sides
Body: Pine wood stained burgundy
Keys: 42 keys (17 black and 25 white)
Features: Traveler suitcase model
Knobs: 9 (4 drones and 5 air controls); Each knob is nickeled brass.
Drones: Left to Right: knob #2=3C#, knob # 4=3E Flat, knob #6=3G#, knob #8=3B Flat
Air Controls: 3 (Left to Right: knob # 1 controls the back male reeds, knob # 3 controls the front chamber bass reeds, knob #5 controls the front chamber bass reeds, knob # 7 controls the vibrato bass reeds, knob # 9 controls the back male reeds)
Number of Octaves: 3.5
Tuned To: A=440 Hz (+-5 cents) Pitch can vary significantly with changes in temperature, pumping pressure, and number of keys played simultaneously.
Front Reed Bank: 2G to 5F (Bass Voice)
Back Reed Bank: 3C to 6F (Male Voice)
Please Note: Some of the finishes are very impressionable, no pun intended. During the long transportation from India, the finish may become marred by the packing materials. These impressions are superficial and cosmetic. Impressions on the finish do not affect the playability or sound. Therefore we do not consider such impressions as blemishes or defects.
The bell has a 2.75 inch diameter. The over all length of the horn is 14 inches. The rubber bulb has a 5/8 inch fitting.
You should expect your brass instruments to have, or develop, an attractive antique patina. However, if you prefer the high shine look we recommend Brasso (TM) as a good polish.
Many of the Blemished Spare Rubber Bulbs are dented and do not maintain a round appearance. However, these bulbs have been tested and do function, they still honk a horn. The important factor is not the volume of air, but the speed at which the air moves through the reed. If you need a horn for a professional recording, then get the first quality. If your horn is recreational, then these bulbs are perfect. With a blemish bulb, the horn will look like you just found it in your Grandpa's garage.
Although the term Ocarina, is less than 200 years old, the first known ocarina-like instrument appeared in South and Central America about 12000 years ago. Ocarinas shaped like birds and animals could also be found in India as early as 5000 BC. China had its own rounded and egg-like forms called a Xun. In 1527, Cortes sent a group of Aztec performers to Spain, where they introduced the Ocarina to Europe. They remained a popular toy for more than 340 years until 17 year old musician-baker Guiseppe Donati originated the first pitched diatonic scale ocarinas.
To play the ocarina, hold it at a 45-degree downward slope from your lips. The thumbs cover the bottom holes and the Index and Middle fingers of each hand cover the top holes. Angling the ocarina up so that your upper lip impinges on the labium window will create sharps, or flatten the tones.
The Sounding of the Shofar is central to the observance of Rosh Hashanah. The festival marks the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve. The cry of the shofar is a call to repentance, and serves as the first of the Ten Days of Repentance which culminate in Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. Altogether, over one hundred shofar blasts occur over the course of the Rosh Hashanah services.
Open the Owner's Guide for tips on how to Sound your Shofar.
The bombard is a small, double-reed instrument similar to a soprano shawm in range, but shorter in length. It's in the key of A and is slightly shorter than a soprano recorder in the key of C. Bombards are still used in some Celtic music. They are quite loud, despite their small size. Their tone is high and penetrating.