Scratch & Dent Wind
Many of the Blemished Spare Rubber Bulbs are dented and do not maintain a round appearance. However, these bulbs have been tested and do function, they still honk a horn. The important factor is not the volume of air, but the speed at which the air moves through the reed. If you need a horn for a professional recording, then get the first quality. If your horn is recreational, then these bulbs are perfect. With a blemish bulb, the horn will look like you just found it in your Grandpa's garage.
Although the term Ocarina, is less than 200 years old, the first known ocarina-like instrument appeared in South and Central America about 12000 years ago. Ocarinas shaped like birds and animals could also be found in India as early as 5000 BC. China had its own rounded and egg-like forms called a Xun. In 1527, Cortes sent a group of Aztec performers to Spain, where they introduced the Ocarina to Europe. They remained a popular toy for more than 340 years until 17 year old musician-baker Guiseppe Donati originated the first pitched diatonic scale ocarinas.
To play the ocarina, hold it at a 45-degree downward slope from your lips. The thumbs cover the bottom holes and the Index and Middle fingers of each hand cover the top holes. Angling the ocarina up so that your upper lip impinges on the labium window will create sharps, or flatten the tones.
The bell has a 2.75 inch diameter. The over all length of the horn is 14 inches. The rubber bulb has a 5/8 inch fitting.
You should expect your brass instruments to have, or develop, an attractive antique patina. However, if you prefer the high shine look we recommend Brasso (TM) as a good polish.
Please be Advised: Bansuri flutes are hand crafted from bamboo. As a result, there may be some bending of the cane so that they are not perfectly straight. If you require a very straight bansuri flute, our deluxe models are the most straight, and also cost a bit more.
Bansuri flute in G, approximately 24.5 inches to 25.5 inches in length. The Bansuri has a mouthpiece that is played in a similar way as the western transverse flute. It is made from a single piece of bamboo with seven holes. The pitch indicated for the bansuri means the flute will play that pitch with the first 3 holes covered. The dominate hand plays the lower three holes. The seventh hole is optional and rarely played. Its main purpose is to give greater accuracy in the upper octaves. It may be played on the rare occasion when you need to play the Ni in the lower octave.
The bansuri is a transverse flute from India, literally from the words bans (bamboo) and suri. It is one of the oldest musical instruments. All half notes, accidentals and microtones are produced by a unique fingering system. The finger holes have to be precisely covered either fully or half by the phalanxes of the fingers and not by the fingertips. This technique also simplifies the playing of longer bansuris. The standard quality of the Indian bansuris produce a quite beautiful sound, but their tuning is often not exactly to the western standard notes. It can happen that they sometimes sound slightly out of tune to the western ear.
This Bansuri flute is hand crafted. Becoming a perfect flute maker takes a long time. One must know the materials as well as the craft; and one must have patience. Each flute requires years of preparation and then concentrated attention to details. The Bansuri flutes are made from only one type of bamboo, called cinchor. This bamboo only grows in the interior forests of Assam. Only Bamboo of 3 to 4 years old and of the proper diameter can be used. The cut bamboo is then treated, dried and stored for years until it is properly seasoned. The longer it is seasoned the better the flute. The correct notes are achieved by piercing the seasoned bamboo with hot iron rods in precise positions along the length.
NOTE: the longer the flute, the wider the required finger span. If you have smaller hands, you may be unable to reach all of the finger holes. The following measurements are the distance from the center of the 1st hole to the center of the 3rd hole for each hand. Measurements are in inches and can vary slightly (LH = Left Hand, RH = Right Hand).
Overall length is 22 inches.
From the center of the top hole to the bottom of the flute it measures 10 5/8 inches
The distance between the holes, starting at the top hole and working down is;
1-2 - 7/8 of an inch
2-3 - 15/16 of an inch
3-4 - 1 9/32 inches
4-5 - 15/16 of an inch
5-6 - 15/16 of an inch
The Sounding of the Shofar is central to the observance of Rosh Hashanah. The festival marks the anniversary of the creation of Adam and Eve. The cry of the shofar is a call to repentance, and serves as the first of the Ten Days of Repentance which culminate in Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. Altogether, over one hundred shofar blasts occur over the course of the Rosh Hashanah services.
Open the Owner's Guide for tips on how to Sound your Shofar.